On my chapter on "the Crito; on reading and Socrates's agency" here, I received two wonderful letters from LuAnn Glatzmeier for whom the archetype of Athena, the struggle of women in Athens, and Socrates and Plato are alive...
Dear Professor Gilbert,
Wow - this is a Masterpiece. What Justice you do to Socrates!!
My sense is Socrates was alive in a time of debauchery. He had to deny Eros because the existing violation of what Eros truly was - was being abused and used as an excuse to behave in immorality during Socrates' time. All the gods were lost to the "Golden Age of Greece". Yet he maintains Athena's original archetypal tenets for justice in his solidity regarding true justice. Eros is within the heart of Socrates as well as his mind that will not compromise himself. "This is where I have lived. This is where I have served. This is where I love... I am not running to an obscure place when the laws herein are being violated in their truest sense.
Sophistry had to be identified as the manipulation that is is. He would not manipulate the variables, but made them starkly clear. He died for that clarity. When the gods of Greece were not distorted as they had become by his lifetime, Athene would have served as the perfect administrator of the kind of Justice that Socrates seeks. But to resort to those earlier archetypes as reference points to truth and proof of his innocence in Socrates' time would not have served him, and would have obscured his message. It is fortunate that Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi were able to inject the heart directly and from directly the core of their message.
I am so grateful that someone with your sense of social justice examines this important topic/s.
Many Thanks for all your hard work - LuAnn Glatzmaier, Ph.D
He did, of course, touch two times on a city of Pythagoreans, of philosophers of whom Theanna was one in the Republic. See here.
And Athens, in part achieving "beautiful freedom" (Hegel) and incarnate in Alcibiades, was both freedom and leadership and beauty, and debauchery, and inner struggle about it.
And Socrates, in the Crito, looked to the far future...
In my heart I know that Plato and Socrates preserved ancient Greece so that we could have a trace throughout history, or a foundation, a living one, of what was recognizable as the constancy of Truth. Socrates recognized and honored his muse - the woman in him - regardless of the sexuality he may have had. He was informed by his muse. He honored the feminine as much as possible in his day, it was in his core as a philosopher. Most importantly, he left a legacy within which the very notion of equality or recognition for women could emerge. Women were not a lot of things in Socrates' day - they did not have the right to vote, they were used for breeding and not regarded as the eros partner, it was definitely a terrible time for them. But all we do not know is what they were up to in order to persevere through time. The Virgin Goddesses - Hestia for the home altars and vigilantly feeding the hearth so that humanity can continue, Artemis - with her defense of animals and the lesbian dimension of the divine feminine and Athena, exemplar of one who could slay her shadow, the evil snaked headed gorgon that represented a distortion of the chthonic. She accomplishes this with the help of Perseus, and expert "shot" through the mirror. We all have to slay our gorgon, and we all need help with it. But we have to do it. So not was not only was she virginally intact - she was whole. The owl speaks to the nooks and crannies of Justice - the shadow and light aspects of the whole, the unseen and "real" causes of the injustice, and Athena's awareness as you so beautifully put, of a deep chthonic connection to Truth. I think of our revolution in the 60's. Whatever the people may think looking back as a promiscuous time, I think of the revolution of truth that arose as being deeply rooted in the chthonic - the deep act itself. Jung would have been proud, as it is his contention that without the chthonic there is just half a person - a miserable and suffering person. Humankind cannot be whole without the chthonic dimension firmly rooted. That such an instinctual partnering has given way to the truth, that love is naturally loyal, I saw in the 60's as well, and the idea of partnering and maintaining an enduring idea of devotion to one another has thankfully stayed - the worthy goal that it is.